Mobile devices are a part of our life. Just imagine your day without a mobile phone. Consider that there are more than 5 billion mobile devices used on the world amongst 7 billion people. People use their devices to stay in touch, take pictures, shop, bank, listen to music, and socialize. In addition, they store personal and business information on them. As a number of phones grow, security risks will increase too. Mobile security can be compromised due to design flaws, vulnerabilities, failures in any mobile applications, viruses, spyware, malware and other threats.
Here is a list of some tips on keeping your mobile devices safe. (http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/M/mobile_security_best_practices.html)
1. User Authentication
Restricting access to the device by requiring user authentication. Most mobile devices can be locked with a screen lock, password or personal identification number (PIN), but these measures are typically turned off by default. By requiring authentication before a mobile device can be accessed, the data on the device is protected in case of accidental loss or theft of the mobile device. Ensure the use of a powerful password in order to make it more difficult for a potential thief to access the device.
2. Update Your Mobile OS with Security Patches
Keep the mobile operating system and its apps up to date. Mobile operating systems like Apple’s iOS, Google’s Android platform and Microsoft’s Windows Phone provide regular updates to users that resolve security vulnerabilities and other mobile security threats, as well as provide additional security and performance options and features to users. These upgrades aren’t always updated automatically, so mobile devices users may need to turn on automatic updates or update their phones and apps manually on a regular basis.
3. Regularly Back Up Your Mobile Device
Ensure the mobile device’s data is regularly backed up. By backing up a device to another hard drive or to the cloud, the data can be restored in the event the device gets damaged or is lost or stolen. A backup utility or app that runs automatically on a specified schedule is recommended for keeping the backed-up data as current as possible.
If have an iPhone enable iCloud backups. https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT203977
If you have an Android phone use the Android backup service. https://www.howtogeek.com/140376/htg-explains-what-android-data-is-backed-up-automatically/
If you have a Windows phone here is a link on how to setup its tracking feature. https://support.microsoft.com/en-in/help/11585/windows-phone-find-a-lost-phone
5. Enable Remote Data Wipe as an Option
Ensure a remote data wipe option is available on the device in case the device is stolen or lost. Apple’s Find My iPhone app, for example, offers a remote data wiping option in addition to the ability to find the iPhone if it’s lost.
Here is a link for Apple users on how to enable it on all Apple devices. https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT205362
For Android users here is a link to learn how to use the google services or third-party app. https://www.androidcentral.com/how-track-android-phone
For Windows phone users here is the link. https://support.microsoft.com/en-US/help/11579/microsoft-account-find-lost-phone-device
6. Disable Wi-Fi and Bluetooth When Not Needed
Limit the potential for access by hackers through Wi-Fi or Bluetooth by disabling these connectivity options when not needed.
7. Don’t Fall for Phishing Schemes
Avoid potential phishing schemes and malware threats by avoiding clicking on links or opening e-mail attachments from untrusted sources, as they may be from a fraudulent source masquerading as a friend or legitimate company.
8. Avoid All Jailbreaks
Jailbreaking is the process of removing software restrictions put into place on devices that run the operating system. To remain secure ensure that the phone remains locked down. While jailbreaking a smartphone can enable the user to run unverified or unsupported apps, many of these apps carry security vulnerabilities. In fact, many of security exploits only affect jailbroken phones.
9. Add a Mobile Security App
Research and select a reputable mobile security app that extends the built-in security features of the device’s mobile operating system. Well-known third-party security vendors such as Lookout, Avast, Kaspersky, and Symantec offer mobile security apps for iOS, Android and Windows Phone